We all live increasingly hectic and stressful life in the 21st century, it can be hard to see the forest for the trees sometimes. So when it comes to planning for a family, it can be quite overwhelming to get your head around the different types of contraception are available. Fortunately, we’ve pulled together a list of different methods, so you can find out what is involved and which one is likely to suit you best.
Designed for women, the implant is a small, flexible rod that is inserted under the skin of the arm. Gradually, it releases the hormone progesterone for up to three years. Progesterone is similar in content to the progesterone produced by the ovaries in the period a woman.
Women can use contraceptive injections which last between 8 and 12 weeks. Noristerat prevent pregnancy two months, the Depo-Provera lasts for 3 months. Both are particularly effective in preventing pregnancy while being used.
Commonly referred to as “the pill”, the combined pill contains substances similar to natural estrogen and progesterone hormones which are the raw materials of the ovary. The pill works by preventing the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.
Similar to the nicotine patch, the contraceptive patch is placed on the skin and after the release of hormones, which are similar to those found in pill- combined estrogen and progestogen.
There are generally two types of condoms, and particularly male version is used more widely. Both forms, however, are barrier methods- that is they stop the sperm from reaching the egg. A female condom is worn inside the vagina and acts as a lining.
Designed for women to be inserted into the vagina, which diaphragm covers the cervix / entrance to the womb. To cap to work properly, however Spermicide should be used in conjunction, as this kills sperm.
Sterilization can be performed on both men and women and is usually irreversible. It should be practiced with caution and a full understanding of the consequences. In female sterilization (tubal occlusion model), the fallopian tubes are cut and sealed, which prevents the egg from the ovaries to the womb travel. In male sterilization, tubes carrying sperm from the testes is cut and sealed to prevent this happening. Male sterilization is also referred to as vasectomy.